workshop reports

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Fourth World Congress: Replacement and Reduction Alternatives

Workshop Reports

Extracts from the Proceedings of the Fourth World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences, held in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA 11-15 August 2002.
Owing to the age of the documents, not all papers are available electronically.
These are large files and could take a little time to download.
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Fourth World Congress: Refinement and Reduction Alternatives

Workshop Reports

Extracts from the Proceedings of the Fourth World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences, held in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA 11-15 August 2002.
Owing to the age of the documents, not all papers are available electronically.
These are large files and could take a little time to download.
You need to register (for free) to download this article. Please log in/register here.

Fourth World Congress: Policy and Ethics

Workshop Reports

Extracts from the Proceedings of the Fourth World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences, held in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA 11-15 August 2002.
Owing to the age of the documents, not all papers are available electronically.
These are large files and could take a little time to download.
You need to register (for free) to download this article. Please log in/register here.

Fourth World Congress: Education and Information Resources

Workshop Reports

Extracts from the Proceedings of the Fourth World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences, held in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA 11-15 August 2002.
Owing to the age of the documents, not all papers are available electronically.
These are large files and could take a little time to download.
You need to register (for free) to download this article. Please log in/register here.

The ECVAM Workshops: A Critical Assessment of their Impact on the Development, Validation and Acceptance of Alternative Methods

Robert D. Combes

ECVAM initiated its workshop programme in 1994, to enable it to become well informed about the state of the art of non-animal test development and validation, and about the possible incorporation of alternatives into regulatory requirements for safety testing. Fifty-one such workshops had been held on specific topics, up to 2002. In these workshops, the current status of in vitro tests and their potential uses were reviewed and recommendations were made as to the best ways forward to progress and enhance the use of in vitro methods. Reports for 46 of these workshops have been published in ATLA. Most of the workshops focused on in vitro replacement methods, although an increasing number have dealt with reduction and refinement. The recommendations in the ECVAM workshops have been progressed further by: a) the formation of ECVAM task forces; b) the organisation of further workshops; c) the activities of scientific committees; d) the provision of earmarked research funding; and e) the conduct of validation studies. Examples of each of these activities are discussed. Some individual workshops are covered in more detail, and several recommendations that have so far not been acted on are also considered. The workshops and their reports have had a substantial effect on the development and implementation of alternative methods, and have been a major factor in contributing to the success of the first nine years of ECVAM's existence. It is strongly recommended that ECVAM continues to organise workshops and to publish their findings, and suggestions are made for topics for future workshops.
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