Brazil starts to ban animal use in higher education: A positive and progressive development

Rita de Cássia Maria Garcia, Nick Jukes, Vanessa Bones, Rosangela Gebara, Mariângela Freitas de Almeida Souza, Valeska Regina Reque Ruiz, Luciano Alonso, Thales Tréz, Simone Tostes Oliveira, Alexandro Aluisio Rocha, Gutemberg Alves, Rita Leal Paixão, Rita de Cassia Alves Alcântara Menezes, Claudia Dias, Monica Levy Andersen, Débora Gasparetto, Karynn Capilé, Júlia Maria Matera and Róber Bachinski

The Brazilian government has published a resolution that bans animal use in some practical classes within undergraduate and high school technical education from April 2019. Resolution No. 38/2018, issued by the National Council for the Control of Animal Experimentation (CONCEA), bans the killing of animals for dissection purposes and animal experiments in practical classes that do not involve the acquisition of new skills. The initial call for the ban was by the Brazilian Network for Humane Education (RedEH), an independent body comprising Brazilian professors and international collaborators dedicated to the implementation of replacement alternatives in education. The call was supported by InterNICHE, and many professors and other international organisations. The Brazilian Council of Veterinary Medicine, which is responsible for regulating the veterinary profession in Brazil, also stated its support for humane education and for the ban. The call was the first formal request, and it eventually led to the first legal resolution for the replacement of animal use in education in Brazil. This represents an important historic landmark in the advancement of science education.
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