Evaluation of an In Vitro Cell Culture Assay for the Potency Assessment of Recombinant Human Erythropoietin
Francine T. Machado, Fernanda P.S. Maldaner, Rafaela F. Perobelli, Bruna Xavier, Francielle S. da Silva, Guilherme W. de Freitas, Paolo Bartolini, Maria Tereza C.P. Ribela and Sérgio L. Dalmora
Recombinant human erythropoietin is a sialoglycoprotein that stimulates erythropoiesis. To assess potency of human erythropoietin produced by recombinant technology, we investigated an in vitro TF-1 cell proliferation assay, which was applied in conjunction with a reversed-phase liquid chromatography method for the determination of the content of sialic acids. The results obtained, which were higher than 126.8ng/μg, were compared with those obtained with the in vivo normocythaemic mouse bioassay. The in vitro assay resulted in a non-significant lower mean difference of the estimated potencies (0.61% ± 0.026, p > 0.05). The use of this combination of methods represents an advance toward the establishment of alternative in vitro approaches, in the context of the Three Rs, for the potency assessment of biotechnology-derived medicines.