Susi Goll, Richard McGowan, Michael Garle and Michael Balls
The question of whether animals do or do not possess consciousness cannot be answered with any certainty, because decisive and irrefutable evidence on this matter is lacking. Such was the conclusion drawn by the philosopher and ethicist, Jan Vorstenbosch, from his studies on the new philosophy and on the results of neurological research. In fact, the existence of consciousness in animals has often been called into question by neuropsychology and neurophysiology.
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